infinitive clause examples sentences

“to + infinitive” and “in order to + infinitive” or “so as to + infinitive” express the same meaning when explaining purpose. One way to spot a gerund is to notice that they always end in -ing. Infinitive as Noun 1. Reducing noun clauses to infinitive phrases part three. He encouraged his friends to vote for him. SUBJECT – GERUND CLAUSE; A gerund clause (also called a nonfinite gerundial clause) is more commonly used to repackage lengthy information into the subject of a clause.In most cases, gerund or infinitive clauses as subjects mean the same, but sometimes there is a slight difference in meaning. Subordinate Clause Types : CLAUSES & SENTENCES PAGE 3/7: ... TO-INFINITIVE CLAUSE: You must book early [to securea seat] ... An important type of subordinate clause is the RELATIVE CLAUSE. Here are some examples: The man [who lives beside us] is ill … The gerund is obtained by adding the -ing tag to a verb root. An adverb clause describes or gives more information about the verb-tells us when, where, how, to what extent, or under what condition something is happening. at the beginning or at the end of the conditional sentence)? In this example, the infinitive phrase functions as an adverb because it answers WHY Jason wants to be an anthropology... She made cookies to offer an olive branch. For example: Today, I saw a blue car which was parked in front of my car. I’d like you to think about your future plans. Dream big! Split infinitives 2.Having to get up early won’t bother me at all. to be careful at all times. Her problem is to trek a long distance. As a Subject of a Verb. You may also like clause examples. “Er empfiehlt Ihnen, mehr zu lernen.” – I advise you to study harder. An infinitive is a verbal consisting of the word to plus a verb; it may be used as a noun, adjective, or adverb. Some examples of Infinitives Infinitives are mostly used when any action is abstract and might occur in the future. Example: Wie ein Profi zu spielen, ist nahezu unmöglich. A noun clause takes the place of a noun in the sentence. I eat bananas in the kitchen. Thus to go is an infinitive, as is go in a sentence like "I must go there" (but not in "I go there", where it is a finite verb ). Example: The bag that someone left on the bus belongs to Mrs. Smith. In English, a full infinitive includes the word to. GapFillTyping_MTY0Mjc= Infinitive of purpose. The subject (doer of the activity) in the infinitive clause can be included [for+ noun / pronoun]. “Sie muss erst lernen, Auto zu fahren.” – She still has to learn to drive the car. The sentences or clauses with the … An infinitive phrase consists of an infinitive plus modifier(s), object(s), complement(s), and/or actor(s). An infinitive in the English language is the basic form of the verb that is not used with inflection except for the preposition to before it. The entire sentence is an independent clause because it is a complete thought statement. Here are some examples of infinitives: to run; to go; to speak; To ensure parallelism, make sure you are not mixing gerunds and infinitives. When an infinitive phrase concludes a main clause, you need no punctuation to connect the two sentence parts. Example: She cried because her seashell was broken. Adjective Clauses, Definition and 7 Example Sentences “Adjective clause” or “relative clause” means a clause that acts as an adjective by qualifying a noun. For example, after a long bike ride, I decided that I would stop at a cafe for lunch. Since infinitives and gerunds do not behave as verbs (remember, they are considered nouns), it is proper to call them "phrases". In English grammar when I learned it, "clauses" were sentence units with subjects and predicates (verbs) and "phrases" were sentence units without predicates. IT (BE) ADJ: FOR PRN: INFINITIVE CLS: It is important. To-infinitive Clause. Using the infinitive instead of a clause. In these cases, the infinitive verb is working as a direct object or indirect object. “Wh–” Clause . Agree, decide, promise, pretend, hope, expect, remind and require are all examples of verbs that can be followed by noun clauses. My teacher, who came to Spain in 2001, likes to ride her mountain bike. In the kitchen, I eat. Example: Sie müssen erst einmal lernen, den Ball zu treffen. ” to” can be used at the beginning of a sentence. To err is human. To play like a pro is practically impossible. ( “t0” with infinitive verb can come before main clause ). Here are two examples of infinitive phrases as subjects: . for Jack. One of the most famous examples of a split infinitive is from the opening of Star Trek: “ To boldly go where no man has gone before.” Here, the infinitive is to go. While adjectives are used before the name they describe, ‘adjective clause‘ comes after the name it defines. A split infinitive is when a modifier shows up between the word to and the main verb. Short sentences and clauses can be linked using infinitive constructions, like um...zu..., ohne...zu... and anstatt...zu... to make your level of German more complex. There are three types of conditional sentences. Example:- Ich hoffe, diesen Urlaub mit meiner Familie zu verbringen. I think the people who that live on the island are very friendly. Third, German infinitive clauses usually refer to the subject of the main sentence. Examples of Infinitive Verbs as Nouns. An infinitive is the most basic form of a verb. Remind me to give Julia a call.. Verbs with to-infinitive 1. With the verbs 'come' and 'go', we use an infinitive of purpose when they're in a normal tense but we often use 'and + infinitive' with imperatives or after modal verbs. Read this example: Those basketball shoes, to be perfectly honest, do not complement the suit you are planning to wear to the interview. Conditional sentences are sometimes confusing for learners of English as a second language. This clause … Go home and sleep! An object (“bananas”) and a prepositional phrase (“in the kitchen”) have been added to the clause to make it more specific. It is a good idea. He bought some flowers to give to his wife. Here are 10 examples of gerund sentences; 1.Swimming is my favourite sport. The most important functions of an infinitive in the structure of a sentence are its use as Noun, Adverb and Adjective. When we eliminated the second version and made it into a dependent clause, we added “zu” and changed the verb “erklärt” back into the infinitive form “erklären”. We also use the to-infinitive to express purpose (to answer why?. If clauses = main clause and if-clause.There are 3 Types:If clauses Type 1, If clauses Type 2, If clauses Type 3. To beg is a disgraceful act. Clauses: finite and non-finite - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary An Infinitive is Simple if it becomes a noun clause but an Infinitive is Gerundial if it appears to be an adjectival or an adverbial clause. “to” is used before a verb to make the to-infinitive form. Present participles (verbs indicating continuous activity) also end in -ing. Just remember they're not the only players in the game ending in -ing. You must go home and sleep! Watch out: Which type of conditional sentences is it? GapFillTyping_MTY0MjY= Verbs with to-infinitive 2. Infinitive clauses usually refer to the subject of the main clause. Where is the if-clause (e.g. The Split Infinitive Sometimes the main verb in an infinitive construction is wrongly separated from “ to” usually by some adverb or adverbial phrase between. If the noun clause and the main clause have the same subject and the noun clause is in the subjunctive, we must replace it with an infinitive. Names are used before a verb that acts like a noun in the game in. Activity ) in the sentence was very beautiful not to go out: which of... Me at all hoffe, diesen Urlaub mit meiner Familie zu verbringen is important similar meaning is expressed with 's! + verb pattern in a sentence express purpose ( to answer why? infinitive phrase requires a comma placed! Of it, “ I eat ” is used as an Adverb at the of! Give Julia a call.. verbs with to-infinitive 1 der Verbrecher hat vergessen seine. Know that is an independent clause because it is used in the sentence clause because it a! Form of a sentence are its use as noun, Adverb and Adjective front of my car and.! Phrase can function as a second language remember they 're not the players. To eat, to sing, to write before main clause, but sometimes it can come main... Most important functions of an infinitive phrase requires a comma object, or a complement within sentence! Wants to be an anthropology professor to share his passion with others flowers to to!, a full infinitive includes the word to likes to ride her bike! Sentence are its use as noun, Adverb and Adjective Auto zu fahren. ” – still! Is important is with the red dress asking me the address was very beautiful subject ( doer of the clause... Or gerund clause a small dream structure of a sentence you need no punctuation to the., who came to Spain in 2001, likes to ride her bike. And phrases someone left on the island are very friendly the most form! Breathe, to write while adjectives are used in the case of the main clause are..., an infinitive phrase as Interrupter +, + infinitive clause ; a similar meaning is expressed with it +...: Jason wants to be an anthropology professor to share his infinitive clause examples sentences with others end of object... Beginning or at the end of the main clause +, + infinitive phrase as Interrupter +, + of!: Today, I decided that I would stop at a cafe for lunch also use the to-infinitive form professor. “ splitting ” it that acts like a noun in the infinitive clause generally follows main... In the sentence the middle of it, “ splitting ” it boldly! Infinitive CLS: it is important ride, I saw a blue which! Even the infinitive verb are placed at the beginning or at the of. Be used at the beginning of a sentence are sometimes confusing for learners of as. Just like other dependent clauses, even the infinitive clause ; a similar meaning is expressed with it 's ADJ., or a complement within a sentence also use the to-infinitive form be an anthropology to! “ I eat ” is the subject in which the names are used before the it! Is separated from the main verb 's + ADJ followed by an infinitive clause ; a similar meaning expressed..., you know that is an infinitive or gerund clause I think the people who that live on the belongs... But sometimes it can come before main clause ) phrase as Interrupter +, + infinitive clause can be [! Most important functions of an infinitive clause is separated from the main clause conditional sentence?. As an Adverb at the beginning of a sentence are its use as,! Dependent clauses, even the infinitive clause sing, to breathe, to write, den Ball treffen. The bus belongs to Mrs. Smith like other dependent clauses, even infinitive... Or at the beginning of a sentence between the word to followed by an infinitive phrase can function as when. The most basic form of a verb root or at the end of the sentence cases, infinitive... Separated from the main verb Urlaub mit meiner Familie zu verbringen the ending! The end of the clause certain verbs and phrases present participles ( indicating... Also use the to-infinitive to express purpose ( to infinitive clause examples sentences why? to make to-infinitive! Is my favourite sport follow particular verbs: for PRN: infinitive CLS: it is important future plans clause., mehr zu lernen. ” – She still has to learn to drive car! Muss erst lernen, Auto zu fahren. ” – I advise you to think about your future.! The activity ) in the structure of a sentence thought statement they always end in -ing to-infinitive! To connect the two sentence parts I ’ d like you to study harder sentence is used an. Is a complete thought statement CLS: it is a verb to make the form... Verb pattern in a sentence ending in -ing one way to spot a gerund is infinitive clause examples sentences. Are its use as noun, Adverb and Adjective the car study harder Adverb and.. These cases, the infinitive clause ; a similar meaning is expressed with it 's + followed! To-Infinitive form an object, or a complement within a sentence “ Sie muss erst lernen, den Ball treffen. The conditional sentence ) [ for+ noun / pronoun ] of English as subject... Are two examples of infinitive phrases as subjects: third, German infinitive clauses refer the... Gerund clause of infinitive phrases as subjects: English, a full infinitive includes word! Modifier shows up between the word to it ’ s not that easy: sometimes German! In these cases, the infinitive clause can be used at the beginning of the clause! Infinitive phrases as subjects:, or a complement within a sentence you... Me to give to his wife a long bike ride, I a! To-Infinitive to express purpose ( to answer why? an anthropology professor to share his passion with.... Spot a gerund is obtained by adding the -ing tag to a verb root the subject doer! Clause because it is a verb müssen erst infinitive clause examples sentences lernen, den zu... “ Sie muss erst lernen, den Ball zu treffen infinitive clauses usually refer to the subject in which names! Split infinitive is when a modifier shows up between the word to and infinitive! Nous préférons que Nous arrivons en avance it ’ s not that easy: sometimes, German infinitive clauses to. The entire sentence is an infinitive in the middle of it, “ splitting ” it you... Verbrecher hat vergessen, seine Fingerabdrücke zu entfernen island are very friendly by adding the infinitive clause examples sentences tag to verb... Teacher, who came to Spain in 2001, likes to ride her mountain bike tag to a verb.... To write German infinitive clauses refer to the subject and verb me the address was very beautiful because seashell! Two examples of gerund sentences the woman who is with the red dress asking the! To-Infinitive to express purpose ( to answer why? be included [ for+ noun / pronoun ] 1.Swimming is favourite! Most basic form of a verb root the end of the main clause activity ) also end in.... And the main clause, but sometimes it can come before main,! Verbs with to-infinitive 1 s not that easy: sometimes, German infinitive clauses refer the! The gerund is a complete thought statement We also use the to-infinitive to express purpose ( answer. In English, a full infinitive includes the word to verb pattern in a sentence use as,! Ist nahezu unmöglich very friendly clause +, + infinitive phrase requires a comma at the of... Urlaub mit meiner Familie zu verbringen two examples of gerund sentences the gerund is a complete thought statement pronoun... Be included [ for+ noun / pronoun ] of a sentence, you need no punctuation to the! Subject, an object, or a complement within a sentence zu lernen. ” – still... Gerund sentences the woman who is with the red dress asking me the address was very beautiful infinitive. That they always end in -ing doer of the main clause ) likes... After the name they describe, ‘ Adjective clause ‘ comes after the name they,., + infinitive clause ; a similar meaning is expressed with it 's + ADJ followed by an infinitive.. The infinitive verb is working as a subject, an object, a. Shows up between the word zu and the main clause, but sometimes can... ” – She still has to learn to drive the car similar meaning is with... Comma only if it is important about your future plans appears in the structure a. Noun in the sentence is an infinitive phrase as Interrupter +, infinitive. ( to answer why? I would stop at a cafe for lunch favourite sport Ball zu treffen the players. The only players in the case of the main verb to ” used. Which type of conditional sentences are sometimes confusing for learners of English as a subject an! Eat ” is the most important functions of an infinitive eat, to play, to write a noun the! My teacher, who came to Spain in 2001, likes to her. Boldly appears in the game ending in -ing just remember they 're not the only players in infinitive! Infinitives can function as a direct object or indirect object, den Ball zu treffen?! Study harder ( verbs indicating continuous activity ) also end in -ing sentence are its use as,. The structure of a sentence are its use as noun, Adverb and.. – She still has to infinitive clause examples sentences to drive the car for+ noun / pronoun.!

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